The province of La Pampa is located in the center of the country, in the transition strip between the region of the Pampean Mountains, the Pampean Region, Cuyo and the Patagonia region, as it possesses its own traits from each of these regions but with a political, social and institucional insertion in the region of Patagonia.
It has a strategic position regarding the other provinces and the great ports that connect the country with the American continent and the world. This privileged position allows the province an easier and permanent relationship with the most important markets and consumption centers.
The door to Patagonia
Being the entrance door to Patagonia, the majority of the south occidental sector belongs to this region while a less extension to the northeast integrates part of the Pampean region.
In the south, some low mountains can be found, whose highest point is 589 meters. Meanwhile, in the northeast extreme, there are some isolated elevations that reach 1.1188 meters above sea level, and in the oriental part of the province there are the Pampean valleys, with sand dunes, salt mines and lagunes.
The Pampean territory presents different environmental areas: the Steppe region (pasture), to the Northeast, currently occupied by farming in its full capacity; the Spinal region (cardinal) to the centre in diagonal way going North east-South east and the Vegetation region (jarillal) to the west, covering 50% of the provincial area.
In most of the territory, the weather is temperate, though with important variations, from a subhumid environment in the East to an arid place in the West. This determines, in a way, the population settlement as well as the productive development.
The surface waters constitute a very important part of the water resources and, in the case of our province, whose territory is located mostly in the semi arid region, its worth is even bigger.
Because of the excessive use and stops of the highlander provinces, both the rivers Atuel and Salado have lost their original riverbeds. This provoked a large environmental deterioration that has affected the province of La Pampa
The Colorado River delimites the South of the province and possesses a huge possibility of development. It contains the Pampean riverbank, passing through Gobernador Duval and La Adela until it runs into the Argentinian Sea. The reservoir Casa de Piedra is located downstream Colonia 25 de Mayo, made up by a dam that regulates the water by mitigating the annual increasings. It allows the irrigation of adjacent farmlands, generates electrical energy, and has had the recent addition of fish farming, recreation and tourism. It is anticipated a development of 85 thousand square feet under irrigation that could turn into an area of enormous wealth and a large-scale settlement. The Valley of Colorado is one of the few valleys in temperate regions in the world that still remains unexploited, which allows it to generate a vast food production.
El territorio provincial también cuenta con acuíferos declarados estratégicos como los acuíferos de Valle Argentino, Meauco, Toay-Santa Rosa-Anguil –Catriló, Valle de Chapalco, La Puma – Trilli, Gral. Pico- Dorila – Speluzzi y demás agua subterráneas del dominio público provincial como recursos estratégicos para garantizar su aprovechamiento.